Grouting Techniques

 Grouting is a process of ground improvement by injecting the cementing material, chemical to reduce the permeability of ground and increase shear strength. Cement-based grouts, ultrafine and chemical grouts are popular these days. The common type of grouting techniques and their suitability’s:  The following chart depicts the suitability of grout according to grain size diameter.…

Flexible Rockfall Tunnel

The flexible rockfall tunnel is constructed at a location where there is the highest probability of falling rock boulders, shooting rock particles near the hillside roadway, and entrance and exit of the hilly tunnels. Sometimes avalanches of rolling rock fragments also hit the mountain road traffic, thereby disrupting the traffic and causing unsafe traffic conditions.…

The Problem of Sinking in the Hilly Area

The sinking issue is common in fragile geological regions, where rainwater infiltration, temperature variation creates freezing and thawing problem. Subsidence, sinking, and uneven settlement, which occur due to these combined effects lead to severe issues. In many situations, it has also been noticed that the boulders, which are embedded and intermixed in loose sand deposits,…

All About Barriers!!

Barriers are provided in order to ensure the protection of people, livestock, structures from unstable rock fragments, debris, snow slide (in case of avalanche) on slope surfaces and areas surrounding them, which are lying in the vicinity of the installed barrier locations; thereby facilitating the smooth functioning of livelihood without any hindrance.  Types of Barriers…

Anchors – Permanent and Temporary

Ground anchors/tie-backs are flexible elements used to hold, restrain and support excavation for building and civil engineering structures either temporarily or permanently. Installation method depending upon the existing ground conditions. Ground anchors are used to securing pile walls, sheet piles, mixed-in-Place walls or diaphragm walls, steep slopes, support embankments, and quay walls. Installing ground anchors is…

Soil Nailing

Soil nailing is the process of installing reinforcement with a designed spacing of steel bars or nails in the existing ground using a top-down construction technique. The soil nail process is proceeded by installing reinforcement (bar/rod) in the drill hole in the ground, followed by grouting throughout the length.  This technique is applied for stabilizing…