This is the process of giving stability to an unstable slope, prone to failure due to stress generation. These stresses are generated due to several natural and man-made reasons like the earthquake, rain excavation, deforestation, etc.
Slope reinforcement by constructing structural elements through the failure plane can helping achieving stabilization. Structural elements could comprise conventional ground anchor, wire meshes, shotcrete piles/drilled shafts, jet grout/soil mix columns, etc. reinforced rigid inclusions. In granular soils, soil Can be incredible by soil improvement.
Slope Stability is attained by taking local and global/regional stability into account Wire meshes, shot creating, etc.Provide local stability whereas ground anchors, soil nails, etc. takes care of global stability.
Rock fall is the falling of detached rock mass from a hill slope under the influence of gravity. Mitigation is done by providing rock fall barrier with fixed or hinged connection. The barrier has high tensile wire mesh and brake system which dissipates energy of falling rock mass. Depending upon material involved, it is rock fall & debris flow barrier.
The foundation of the building or structure transfer the weight to the ground. Since the weight of the building rests on the ground, the properties of the ground material are studied carefully to ensure that ground can sustain the load imposed by structure. To study the properties of the ground for designing foundation, ground investigation is done at required interval. Based on these studies the depth, type and size of foundation is decided.
Piles are devices, which are commonly used for strengthening the foundation .The commonly used piles are of following categories.
This is a technique that improves the engineering properties of ground. It is generally used, where replacement of the ground material is not reasonable and change of location is not feasible.
Ground improvement uses:
- Increase in shear strength of ground material
- Decrease permeability of ground material
- Prevent liquefaction
- Increase density
- Accelerate consolidation
- Control deformation